In Angular cheilitis, there are sores at the corners of the mouth. These are caused by a combination of infections like candida, staph aureus, and other bacteria and they usually begin as a result of nutritional deficiencies. Deficiencies in B vitamins, especially B2 (riboflavin), and iron, are the main contributors.
Nutritional deficiencies can come from poor food intake or from malabsorption of nutrients. For instance, alcoholism or restrictive diets can lead to such deficiencies, as can gastrointestinal diseases like Celiac disease or after certain gastrointestinal surgeries.
Vitamins B2, B3, B5, B7, and B12, along with folic acid, are vital for maintaining healthy mucous membranes, including those in the mouth. A lack of these nutrients can lead to angular cheilitis, alongside other symptoms like glossitis (inflammation of the tongue) and changes in skin and nails. Zinc deficiency is another known cause, often presenting with additional symptoms like diarrhea and hair loss.
In the context of angular cheilitis, it’s essential to consider both the direct and indirect roles of nutrition. Systemic disorders such as anorexia nervosa, which are associated with malnutrition and malabsorption, can also lead to this condition. Addressing nutritional deficiencies, either through dietary changes or supplementation, can be a key component in managing and preventing angular cheilitis, particularly in individuals at risk due to their dietary habits or underlying health conditions.
For those experiencing angular cheilitis, it’s recommended to evaluate dietary patterns and consider nutritional supplementation under the guidance of healthcare professionals, ensuring a comprehensive approach to treatment.